Evaluation of benefits of thiol-based reductants in classical homocystinuria Principal Investigator: Tomas Majtan, PhD
March 5, 2020
The HCU Networks have awarded funding to a research project to evaluate the benefits of thiol-based reductants in classical homocystinuria (HCU). The research, entitled Evaluation of benefits of thiol-based reductants in classical homocystinuria, will be carried out by Assistant Research Professor Tomas Majtan at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora.
According to the principal investigator, Tomas Majtan, this project aims to explore whether existing FDA-approved compounds that are thiol-based reductants may prevent the binding of homocysteine to cysteine and cysteine residues, which could lead to increased cysteine retention and better elimination of homocysteine from the bloodstream. In addition, the anticipated increased availability of homocysteine in plasma could further improve the efficacy of enzyme therapies for homocystinuria that are in development. Tomas Majtan said “The research grant from HCU Network America and HCU Network Australia will allow us to better understand the balance between different forms of homocysteine and how it could be exploited towards better management of CBS-deficient homocystinuria. We are very grateful for this support as we continue our work on expanding therapeutic options for this devastating disease.”
Founder and director of the HCU Network Australia, Tara Morrison said “It was pleasing to receive an increased response to our second call for Expressions of Interest in our 2019 global grants round. We are delighted to announce the recipient of this round, Dr. Majtan, and we look forward to his research efforts contributing further to the field. Moreover, we are hopeful this work can lead to the development of a treatment approach that could potentially reduce the need for a protein-restricted diet, which could ease the burden on the affected individual and the people who care for them”.
President of HCU Network America, Margie McGlynn said “We are pleased to provide a grant through the second round of our global grants process to explore this potential new mechanism. Dr. Majtan has been very involved in research on other therapies to address HCU, including a pharmacological chaperone therapy and, more importantly, a potential enzyme replacement therapy, OT-58, under the leadership of his postdoctoral mentor, Jan Kraus. Jan, unfortunately lost his life to lung cancer in July 2019, and would be so proud to see Tomas being awarded this grant”.
About Tomas Majtan Ph.D.
Tomas Majtan received his PharmD in 2003 from the Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University in Bratislava studying novel antimicrobial compounds and disinfectants using Salmonella pathogens. He then pursued postgraduate training in microbiology at Slovak Medical University and in 2006 he received a Ph.D. in molecular biology working at the Institute of Molecular Biology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. During this period, he studied epidemiology and genetics of Salmonella virulence factors and antibiotic resistance markers and deciphered gene expression of bacteriophage during infection of an important industrial strain producing amino acid lysine. In 2007, he started postdoctoral training on enzymology and biochemistry of cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) in Professor Jan Kraus group at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado. In 2013, he was promoted to Assistant Research Professor at the Department of Pediatrics, Section of Genetics and Metabolism, University of Colorado School of Medicine and continues working on understanding molecular mechanisms behind inborn errors of metabolism and developing new treatments with a focus on homocystinuria.
His contributions to the field include uncovering the mechanism of how missense pathogenic mutations impair CBS function, understanding how CBS cofactors work and affect folding and stability of the WT and mutant enzyme, solving several crystal structures of full-length human CBS to gain structural insight into homocystinuria or clarifying the role of CBS as hydrogen sulfide producing enzyme in health and disease. He utilized his intimate knowledge of CBS and has been working with the late Professor Jan Kraus and Orphan Technologies on enzyme replacement therapy for homocystinuria since 2010.
Dr. Majtan has been a mentor and supervisor of several graduate and postgraduate students or research associates. He is an author of over 40 peer-reviewed papers published in international journals as well as several patents, book chapters, and monographs. He regularly presents his research at various conferences and meetings. In addition, he serves as a reviewer for multiple scientific journals and several funding agencies.